Mango in Hawaii
Mango trees originally came from India, where people have grown them for centuries for their sweet fruit. Now about 600 types of mangoes grow throughout the tropics.
These trees which grow up to 70 feet tall, produce year round of leaves, making them good shade trees as well as fruit trees. They grow best at low attitudes.
Hawaii’s first mango tress came from Mexico between 1800 and 1820. Most produce their fruit, called by some the king of fruits, between March and October. The taste and texture of mangos differs among types. Some are smooth and sweet, while others are fibrous and taste like turpentine.
The most popular in Hawaii are Haden and Pirie mangoes, cultivated for their sweet flavor and smooth flesh. People eat the fruit raw, pickled in preserves, as chutney and as jelly. Preserved mango seeds also are popular.
A type of resin runs through all mango trees. Some people are allergic to this resin, getting a rash from the sap of the leaves or the skin of the fruit. Others use the gum and bark of the trees for a medicine. Crushed mango leaves have a mild turpentine smell.
In Hawaii , people use mango wood to carve bowls and other objects.
Cashew trees are relatives of mango trees. The resin of cashews is poisonous.
Mango in Hawaii
Mango is one of the popular fruits in the world due to its attractive color, delicious taste and excellent nutritional properties. Known for its sweet fragrance and flavor, the mango has delighted the senses for more than 4000 years. A celebrated fruit, mango, now produced in most of the tropical parts of the globe.
History and Origin of Mango The mango has been known in India since very early times. It is referred to in Sanskrit literature as Amra and h...
This tropical fruit is high in vitamin C. Mango fruits contain 10-20 percent sugar and are important source of vitamin A. They have a rich...
The mango is believed to have been discovered as long as five to six thousand years in eastern India, Thailand, Myanmar, the Andaman Islands...
Mango trees perform well both under tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. The trees can survive at 10 °C to 65 °C but the optimum ...
Pollination is major yield-limiting constraint, due to the large number of flowers on trees and low fruit set. Most mango cultivars are se...
Mango wood is a low quality timber and the bark of the tree is an important source of tannins for curing leather. The wood has a wavy grai...
Uses of Mango and Nutritional Composition Mango is commonly eaten fresh and depending upon the cultivar may be consumed at an immature (unri...
Breeding Objective of Mango Most of the commercial mango cultivars have a strong bienial bearing tendency. Thus the main objectives of breed...