Mango is one of the popular fruits in the world due to its attractive color, delicious taste and excellent nutritional properties. Known for its sweet fragrance and flavor, the mango has delighted the senses for more than 4000 years. A celebrated fruit, mango, now produced in most of the tropical parts of the globe.

Monday, September 14, 2009

Breeding Objective of Mango

Breeding Objective of Mango
Most of the commercial mango cultivars have a strong bienial bearing tendency. Thus the main objectives of breeding have been regular bearing and good fruit quality.

An ideal mango variety should possess tree dwarfness; attractive (golden apricot) color on ripening, medium size (5 in a kg) and good quality fruit (high pulp: stone ratio, firm and fibreless flesh); precocious and regular in bearing; highly tolerant to various diseases including malformation and pests; and high keeping quality.

Although at present none of the commercial varieties of mango has all these characteristics combined into one, it would be futile to take up all these objective s at a time in any mango breeding programme.

Therefore, these characters are to be incorporated at stages and the variety is to be built up gradually.

There is suggestion that the ease with which a cultivar can be spoon eaten among the evaluating criteria while breeding a superior among cultivar.

A good mango variety should have a high ration (3.31 to 4.0 of edible to non edible matters.
Breeding Objective of Mango

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