Mango is one of the popular fruits in the world due to its attractive color, delicious taste and excellent nutritional properties. Known for its sweet fragrance and flavor, the mango has delighted the senses for more than 4000 years. A celebrated fruit, mango, now produced in most of the tropical parts of the globe.

Wednesday, April 10, 2024

Mango Malformation Disease

Mango Malformation Disease (MMD) is a significant concern for mango growers worldwide. Caused by various species of Fusarium, some of which are yet to be fully characterized, MMD poses a threat to the global mango industry. The disease exclusively targets mango trees, making them the sole known host.

One of the most alarming aspects of MMD is its slow but persistent spread within trees. While the disease doesn't typically travel via fruit or seeds, its transmission through infected vegetative planting material presents a serious challenge. If left unchecked, MMD can drastically reduce mango yields, impacting both farmers' livelihoods and the availability of this beloved tropical fruit.

Although MMD does not directly affect human health, its economic implications are substantial. The association of MMD with the bud mite, Aceria mangiferae, adds another layer of complexity to disease management. Research has shown that while these mites can spread MMD within a tree, they do not typically transmit it between trees.

Despite efforts to contain the disease, MMD has been identified in mango-growing regions across the globe. Even countries like Australia, previously believed to be free from MMD, have not been immune. In November 2007, symptoms of MMD were observed in a research trial at the Coastal Plains Research Farm at Middle Point, highlighting the need for continued vigilance and research in combating this fungal menace.
Mango Malformation Disease

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