Mango is one of the popular fruits in the world due to its attractive color, delicious taste and excellent nutritional properties. Known for its sweet fragrance and flavor, the mango has delighted the senses for more than 4000 years. A celebrated fruit, mango, now produced in most of the tropical parts of the globe.

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Mango in India

The world’s leading grower of mangoes, India produces about 43 percent of the world crop. In 2013 alone India produced 18 million tones of mango. China (4.45 million tons) and Thailand (3.14 million tons) were the next largest producers.

In India there are more than thousand varieties of the mango which belong to one species, Mangifera indica L. The most important varieties including: Alphonso, Banganapalli, Bombay, Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli, Fernandia, Kesar, Kishen Bhog, Langra, Mallika, Mankurad, Mulgoa, Neelum, Pairi.

Kesar mango from Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Except the hilly regions, mango is cultivated throughout the length an breadth of India up to an elevation of 915 meters from the sea level. The important commercial varieties are maintained in cultivation through vegetative propagation by grafting.

In India, mango product form bulk of the export production among the fruit group and alone accounted for 57.3 percent of the processed fruit production. Among the mango products, pickles account for about 15 percent.
Mango in India

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